Face of bed rails is maple. Bed rails are made of laminated engineered wood, 7 layers of wood, layers are compressed in a heated glued process creating a strong bond. Bed rails are top edge banded in maple, fully sanded with trimmed smooth edges. The cleats are machined, pre-drilled, glued and fastened with 9 #8 x 1-1/2 screws per rail. The end hooks are installed with ourpatentedmachineprocess.Bed rails are fully sanded and ready for either paint or stain. Please note: bed rails must be installed withcenter supports.